Iasi The city of the famous destinies
Legendary Iasi city from
Romania; one is moved only by pronouncing his name. For the Rumanian
people it became a symbol for a long time.
beauty of the site, the harmony of the seven hills on which it is built
engage us like many others before us to compare the position of the city
with that of Rome.
With the natural beauty
the work of the man was added who, more than one once, reached sublimates
It is the case of the
hurdy-gurdy foundation "Three Hiérarques" with the stone embroidery of its
facing, or that of so much of other historic buildings and art.
Most important and the
most marvelous work of the inhabitants of the city remains nevertheless
the spiritual one.
It is precisely what
confers personality and a charm separately at this town of scholars,
poets, scientists, who chose to devote themselves to progress, with the
fight of social and national emancipation.
It is enough to think that it is here that one follows the traces of
Etienne the Great one -
Stefan Cel Mare.
Michel the Brave man, Alexandru Ion Cuza, of Kogalniceanu, which one
crosses the threshold of the houses or lived
that with each step one finds the memory of Asachi.
Thanks to its very whole population, the Moldavian city always was in the
heart of the Rumanian history, in the heart of the combat delivered for
the assertion of the existence main road.
The city became, of the kind a cradle of the history of Romania.
Iasi will always remain in the conscience of the Rumanian people, the city
of the three unions:
That of 1600 when Michel
the Brave man was accommodated there with enthusiasm.
That of 1859 when for
the first time resounded below its hills the agreements of the anthem of
fraternity, of the "Round of the Union".
That of December 1, 1918: the great Union of the secular dreams became
Many events which had a
broad echo in the conscience of the people
are, therefore in close relationship with the destiny of this city.
Connate Iasi today is for all the Roumanians a lesson of history.
With regard to the seniority place where the town of Iasi is today, the
archaeological discoveries make state of the existence of various forms of
human culture as of the Palaeolithic inferior.
Many stages of economic,
cultural, artistic blooming are there recorded with the length of the
A special place returns to the culture of Cucuténi and the civilization of
It is an undeniable fact that during more than one millennium this area
was a crossing point or broke migrating people where the autochtones were
constantly confronted. These invaders aimed to subject them or to drive
out them of their hearth.
spite of these vicissitudes, the defenders of the semi-antiques regions of
old Dacie remained and which more is, they succeeded in being known always
and more appreciated by their easy ways and their courage.
As of XIIème century, Otto de Fressingen wrote "of memory of man, they are
maintained in these places, similar with the operational tree that the
storm would not know to uproot»
With regard to the name
of the city, one discussed and one discusses always. Researchers in this
field not having fallen yet from agreement.
There are controversies even as regards its first denomination; the fact
is that the locality is mentioned like city at the end of XVIeme century
and this is not any more of doubtful validity.
How to explain the
existence of vestiges differently going back to one time former to
Alexandru the Good (1400-1432), vestiges with the site of which this last
set up its own princely court, whose ruins remain until our days.
The name of the city appears with certainty in a document emitted in 1408
by the princely chancellery of Alexandru the Good.
It is especially as from this period that not of Iasi is more frequently
mentioned share of the documents and by the correspondence of the time.
One of the first
certificates of the princely court of Iasi is that of an emitted document
on October 5, 1434 by Stefan II, the son of Alexandru the Good.
A little later, another
certificate at summer made during the reign of Etienne the Great one -
Stefan Cel Mare the famous one ordering of army and defender of the
borders of Moldavia.
following centuries Othoman invasions like those of other tribes set fire
to and ransacks the city has several recoveries.
However, each time it reappears, becoming little by little the most
populated city Moldavia.
It is towards it that
the glances and the hopes of all the Roumanians converge.
At the time or it becomes the capital of Moldavia, during the second reign
of Alexandru Lapusneanu 1564 - 1568, the city is more flourishing, richer
on the urban level and the premises of its later rise are there created.
From first half of the XVIeme century, in particular over the period of
great artistic and cultural rise under the reign of Vasil Lupu, the city
will be enclosed more deeply in the conscience of the people, thanks to
achievements of a great range.
It is in Iasi, near the
foundation "Three Hiérarques" that was created the first Moldavian
In 1643, the métropolite
Varlaam scholar prints there his famous book "Chart romanesca of will
invatatura" (Rumanian teaching delivers) which was to be used as starting
point with many works.
A few years later in
1646, were printed in Moldavia the first code "Pravila him Vasile Lupu"
(the Code of Vasile Lupu) as well as other very at the time coveted works.
At this same period, the
large chronicler Grigore Uneche begins "Letopisetul Tarii Moldoveï "(the
Chronicle of Moldavia) where it affirms the Latin origin of the Rumanian
language and examines under various prospects the problem for the unit of
The contribution of the
large scholars has Iasi, in second the XII 2nd century and the first
decades half of the XVIII 2nd
century became particularly important.
A place of choice must
be granted to Miron Costin, Dimitrie Contenir, Nicolae Costin, and Ion
Neculce which leaves their books translated into several languages, worked
to awake the hope of Rumanian for the independence of their country.
The XIX 2nd century
beginning is marked by powerful running of national rebirth to which
liberally contributed of prestigious personalities cultural, such that
Veniamin Cotache and Gheoghe Asachi.
They threw bases of
modern Rumanian teaching, reorganized printing works, stimulated the
translations, the literature, created new institutions of culture, art and
made publish the first Rumanian periodicals (Albina Romanesca - 1892).
They organize spectacles
of theatre, the first presentation was an adaptation of the pastoral part
"Bilberry and Chloé" on the initiative of Gheoghe Asachi, they animated
the scientific and technical activity, all that on the tone of a powerful
demonstration of ideas of unit.
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